|Owner(s)||Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
|Publisher||Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party|
|Founded||15 June 1948|
|Political alignment||Chinese Communist Party|
|Language||Chinese and others|
|Headquarters||No. 2 Jintai Xilu, Chaoyang District, Beijing|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Дундад улсын (Хятадын) ардын өдөр тутмын|
|Mongolian script||ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ|
ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠡᠳᠦᠷ ᠲᠤᠲᠤᠮ ᠤᠨ
The People's Daily (Chinese: 人民日报; pinyin: Rénmín Rìbào) is the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). It provides direct information on the policies and viewpoints of the CCP in multiple languages.
The paper was established on 15 June 1948 and was published in Pingshan County, Hebei, until its offices were moved to Beijing in March 1949. Ever since its founding, the People's Daily has been under direct control of the CCP's top leadership. Deng Tuo and Wu Lengxi served as editor-in-chief from 1948 to 1958 and 1958–1966, respectively, but the paper was in fact controlled by Mao Zedong's personal secretary Hu Qiaomu.
Newspaper articles in the People's Daily are often not read for content so much as placement. A large number of articles devoted to a political figure, idea, or geographic focus is often taken as a sign that the mentioned official or subject is rising.
Editorials in the People's Daily are regarded both by foreign observers and Chinese readers as authoritative statements of official government policy. Distinction is made between editorials, commentaries, and opinions. Although all must be government approved, they differ sharply on the amount of official authoritativeness they contain by design – from the top. For example, although an opinion piece is unlikely to contain views opposed to those of the government, it may express a viewpoint, or it may contain a debate that is under consideration and reflect only the opinions of the writer: an editorial trial balloon to assess internal public opinion. By contrast, an official editorial, which is rather infrequent, means that the government has reached a final decision on an issue.
During the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre, the People's Daily editorial of 26 April, which condemned "unlawful parades and demonstrations," marked a significant moment in the newspaper's history. The editorial increased tension between the government and protesters, and top CCP leaders argued about whether to revise it. An article that compiles the most important editorials was released by the People's Daily during the student movement.
An analysis of the wording of all the issues of the People's Daily from 1995 to 2000 was used in the writing of The First Series of Standardized Forms of Words with Non-standardized Variant Forms.: 3
In 2022, the People's Daily launched a commercial software service called Renmin Shenjiao (People's Proofreader) that provides outsourced content censorship.
The People's Daily also maintains a multilingual internet presence; and established the People's Daily Online (人民网) in 1997. The website of People's Daily includes content in Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish, Japanese and English. In comparison to the original Chinese version, the foreign-language version offers less in-depth discussion of domestic policies and affairs and more editorials about China's foreign policies and motives.
The People's Daily in recent years has been expanding on overseas social media platforms. It has millions of followers on its Facebook page and its accounts on Instagram, Twitter and YouTube. An unusually high proportion of its followers are virtually inactive and are likely to be fake users, according to a study by the Committee to Protect Journalists. The People's Daily also maintains agreements with foreign newspaper to republish its content. According to a 2021 report by The Washington Post, the People's Daily Online provides overseas public opinion monitoring outside of the Great Firewall for various police, judicial, and CCP organizations.
The People's Daily employs "writing task groups" (Chinese: 写作小组; pinyin: xiězuò xiǎozǔ) of various staff to compose editorial pieces to signal the significance of certain pieces or their relationship to the official views of the CCP. These groups are published under "signatures" (i.e., pen names: 署名 shǔmíng) that may correspond with the topic and weight of a piece, and what specific government or CCP body is backing it, often with homophonous references to their purpose.
|Pen name||Etymology/symbolism||Usage||Example articles||Ref|
|Ren Zhongping 任仲平||From 人民日报重要评论 Rénmín Rìbào zhòngyào pínglùn
'important People's Daily commentary'
|Used to represent the view of the People's Daily as an organization.||"Hong Kong scores brilliant achievements after return", June 2017
"Keeping original aspiration, CPC creates glorious achievements", September 2019
|Zhong Sheng 钟声||Homophone of 中声 Zhōng shēng
'voice of China'
|Commentary on major international affairs by editors and staff.||"U.S. practice to claim compensation for COVID-19 outbreak a shame for human civilization", May 2020|||
|Guo Jiping 国纪平||From 有关国际的重要评论 yǒuguān guójì de zhòngyào pínglùn
'important commentary on international [matters]'
|According to China Daily, Guo Jiping is "used for People's Daily editorials meant to outline China's stance and viewpoints on major international issues." Guo Jiping articles are rarer and generally longer than Zhong Sheng articles.||"Losing no time in progressing – grasping the historic opportunity for common development", December 2019|||
|Guo Ping 国平||Unclear. Guó means 'country' and píng 'peace, calm'. Píng is also the last character in Xi Jinping's name.||Articles that focus on Xi Jinping and his political thought.||"在改革中更好掌握当代中国命运: 六论习近平总书记治国理政新思想新成就" ('Better Grasp Contemporary China's Destiny during Reform: On the New Thought and New Achievements of Xi Jinping in Governing the Country'), February 2016|||
|Zhong Zuwen 仲祖文||From 中共中央组织部文章 Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Zǔzhībù wénzhāng
'articles from the Central Party Organization Department'
|Pieces from the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party, covering topics related to the Party principles and ideology.||"Moral standards for officials' personal life necessary", July 2010|||
|Zheng Qingyuan 郑青原||Taken from the saying 正本清源 zhèngběn qīngyuán
'clarify matters and get to the bottom of things'.
|Used to comment on political reform, particularly in attacking Western-style liberal democracy. A writer from the Beijing Morning Post (now part of The Beijing News) speculated that it represented the Politburo in an article that was taken down within a day in China.||"China to promote reform with greater resolve, courage", October 2010|||
|Tang Xiaowen 唐晓文||Similar to 党校文 dǎngxiào wén
'Party School writing'
|Central Party School editorials written during the Cultural Revolution by a group under the leadership of Kang Sheng.||"孔子是'全民教育家'吗?" ('Is Confucius really an 'educator for the entire people'?'), September 1973|||
|Special guest commentator 特约评论员||Briefly realized as Yue Ping 岳平, from tèyuē pínglùnyuán||Used from March 1978 to December 1985 to republish select articles from the internal Party periodical Theoretical Trends (理论动态) under the direction of Hu Yaobang.||"实践是检验真理的唯一标准" ('Actual Practice is the Sole Criterion for Judging Truth'), May 1978 (originally published in Guangming Daily)|||
List of presidents
- Zhang Panshi (张磐石)
- Hu Qiaomu (胡乔木)
- Fan Changjiang (范长江)
- Deng Tuo (邓拓)
- Wu Lengxi (吴冷西)
- Chen Boda (陈伯达)
- Hu Jiwei (胡绩伟)
- Qin Chuan (秦川)
- Qian Liren (钱李仁)
- Gao Di (高狄)
- Shao Huaze (邵华泽)
- Bai Keming (白克明)
- Xu Zhongtian (许中田)
- Wang Chen (王晨)
- Zhang Yannong (张研农)
- Yang Zhengwu (杨振武)
- Li Baoshan (李宝善)
- Tuo Zhen (庹震)
A 2013 study of the People's Daily coverage of the 2002–2004 SARS outbreak reported that it "regurgitated triumph and optimism" and framed the outbreak as an "opportunity to showcase China's scientific achievements, and the strength of national spirits, as well as the wise leadership of the party and effective measures to protect the lives of ordinary citizens."
In February 2020, the People's Daily published an article stating that the novel coronavirus "did not necessarily originate in China." In March 2020, the online insert of the People's Daily, distributed by The Daily Telegraph, published an article stating that Traditional Chinese medicine "helps fight coronavirus." In May 2020, the People's Daily stated that the novel coronavirus had "multiple origins." In November 2020, the People's Daily published a claim that COVID-19 was "imported" into China. In January 2021, the People's Daily inaccurately attributed deaths in Norway to the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine.
In 2023, the People's Daily sparked a backlash on Chinese social media for exhorting citizens to not complain about their own poverty or boredom.
The Onion parody
In November 2012, American satire news site The Onion published an article where it declared North Korean leader Kim Jong-un as the 'Sexiest Man Alive for 2012'. In response, People's Daily republished the article with 55-page photo spread of Kim and tongue-in-cheek quotes from The Onion. They later took down the article from its site after realizing that it was a parody. The Onion later updated their article about Kim stating; "For more coverage on The Onion's Sexiest Man Alive 2012, Kim Jong-Un, please visit our friends at the People's Daily in China, a proud Communist subsidiary of The Onion, Inc."
- Mass media in China
- Xinhua News Agency and China News Service
- Xinwen Lianbo, the news program of China Central Television
- Reference News
- Rodong Sinmun, North Korean counterpart
- Strengthening Nation Forum
- Yang Gang, deputy chief editor who committed suicide during the Anti-Rightist Campaign
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|Library resources about |
- Wu, Guoguang (12 February 2009). "Command Communication: The Politics of Editorial Formulation in the People's Daily". The China Quarterly. 137: 194–211. doi:10.1017/S0305741000034111. S2CID 154739228.