|Born||José Agustín Ramírez Gómez|
19 August 1944
|Literary movement||La Onda|
José Agustín Ramírez Gómez (born 19 August 1944) is a Mexican novelist, short story writer, essayist and screenwriter. He is considered as one of the most influential and prolific Mexican writers of the second half of the 20th century.
José Agustín was born in Acapulco, Mexico on 19 August 1944. He studied Classical Literature at the School of Philosophy and Letters of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Film direction at the Centro Universitario de Estudios Cinematográficos and Dramaturgy at the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura.
Agustín participated in Juan José Arreola's writers' workshop from 1962 to 1965, where he wrote his first novel, La Tumba (The Tomb), when he was nineteen years old. The novel was the brief but provocative story of a Mexican upperclass teen, deemed indecent by the public but gathering praise from older writers. This and his most famous work, De Perfil (Profile view), a fast and detailed view of three days in the main character's life, show stylistic similarities to James Joyce's work, especially A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
A common technique in his work is mixing character's speech with narrative, without making any kind of distinction (free indirect discourse). Thus the reader finds a long dialogue written in a single sentence, and is expected to realize which character is speaking as he reads the words. He also makes use of the stream of consciousness technique.
- 1977: Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1993: Premio Nacional de Literatura Juan Ruiz de Alarcón
- 2011: Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes
- Inventando que sueño (1968)
- La mirada en el centro (1977)
- No hay censura (1988)
- No pases esta puerta (1992)
- La miel derramada (1992)
- Círculo vicioso (1974)
- La nueva música clásica (1968)
- Literature and censorship in Latin America Today: Dream within a dream (1978)
- Tragicomedia Mexicana: La vida en Mexico de 1940 a 1970. Tomo 1 (1990)
- Tragicomedia Mexicana: La vida en Mexico de 1970 a 1982. Tomo 2 (1992)
- Tragicomedia Mexicana: La vida en Mexico de 1982 a 1994. Tomo 3 (2007)
- Camas de campo, campos de batalla (1994)
- La Contracultura en Mexico (1996)
- El hotel de los corazones solitarios (1996)
- Los grandes discos de rock 1951-1975 (1996)
- Contra la corriente (1991)
- Quién soy, dónde estoy, qué me dieron (1966)
- El rock de la cárcel (1986)
- Diario de brigadista: Cuba 1961 (2011)
In popular culture
The Mexican band Belafonte Sensacional wrote the song "Epic Aris" inspired by the literary works of José Agustín and Parménides García Saldaña, another writer that was considered a member of La Onda literature.
- "José Agustín | Mexican author".
- "José Agustín Ramírez Gómez". www.gob.mx (in Spanish). Secretaría de Educación Pública. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
- "José Agustín". literatura.inba.gob.mx (in Spanish). 1 September 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
- "Literatura en español: José Agustín". Archived from the original on 15 July 2010.
- "José Agustín - Detalle del autor". Enciclopedia de la Literatura en México (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 January 2023.
- "José Agustín Ramírez Gómez - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
- "José Agustín, uno de los mejores maestros de literatura". inba.gob.mx (in Spanish). Prensa INBA - Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
- "Belafonte Sensacional estrena video de "Epic Aris"". Indie Rocks! (in Spanish). 21 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2023.